Khaoula Mammad is currently pursuing her PhD from Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra (North-West of the Kingdom). Her Master’s degree research study was about early maladaptive schema and their effect on the academic performance and working memory and currently conducting a research about autism among Moroccan children. She had 2 abstracts published in European Psychiatry, in relation to the first study and 2 research articles are in progress.
Introduction: Anxiety is characterized by feelings of apprehension, tension, discomfort, fear of facing a risk of indeterminate nature. It must be distinguished from the fear that meets a real threatening situation. Moreover, schemas are the organized general representations of the experience intended to facilitate information processing: filtering and selection, organization, recovery. Any dysfunction in these schemas could affect the normal neurocognitive and behavioral status.rnrnAim: To study the relationship between the activated/deactivated inadequate early maladaptive schemas and anxiety among students.rnrnSubjects, Materials & Methods: The present study is a cross-sectional study conducted among 212 students, aged 17 to 25 years, randomly selected from different institutions of the IBN TOFAIL University, located in the city of Kenitra (NW of Morocco). Two neurocognitive tests are used: The Beck Anxiety Inventory to evaluate anxiety & the short version of the early maladaptive schema questionnaire of Schmidt, Joiner, Young and Telch (1995) which was translated in French by Rusinek (2000) to evaluate the activated and deactivated schemas.rnrnResult: The obtained results showed that the activation of inadequate early maladaptive schemas is correlated with the Beck Anxiety Inventory: Emotional deprivation (p<0.05) Isolation (p=0.001) and insufficient self-control (p<0.01), abandon (p=0.001), vulnerability (p<0.05), fear of losing control (p<0.05).rnrnConclusion: Emotional deprivation, isolation, insufficient self-control, abandon, vulnerability, fear of losing control are found activated and correlated to anxiety among studied population. Deeper investigations are needed to understand this relationship and also to study the other possible factors that could affect this important neuro-cognitive function.rn
Meisam Vahedi is a Graduate student from Religious Studies Department of Florida International University. He also has a Master’s degree in Sociology from University of Tehran. He has conducted research in the fields of social psychology, feminist theory and family studies during his graduate studies at FIU and UT. He has presented the results of his research in the forms of posters and oral presentations in national and international conferences. The above proposal is based on his recent research on sexual-objectification, self-esteem and compulsive buying. This research applies quantitative method within the objectification framework.
From a psychological perspective, the present study attempts to explain the causes of compulsive buying through analyzing the relationship between self-esteem, contingent self-esteem, and self-sexualizing behaviors within the self-objectification framework. Participants were 160 female college students aged 18-30 from a large southern university in the United States, who took part in a cross-sectional study using a systematic sampling framework. Research shows the main source of objectification is the internalization of the thin-ideal body which is depicted in mass media. Internalization of the ideal body image results in body surveillance as the initiation of self-objectification process. Accordingly, this research intends to investigate the relationship between body surveillance and self-esteem, as well as contingent self-esteem and compulsive buying. Results show that body shame and contingent self-esteem fully mediated the relationship between body surveillance and self-esteem. Additionally, self-sexualizing behaviors and self-esteem mediated the relationship between contingent self-esteem and compulsive buying. Overall, these results suggest that self-objectification (body surveillance as a consequence of internalization of the thin-ideal body) brings about contingent self-esteem and, in turn, explains changes in self-esteem and self-sexualizing behaviors. In this regard, the mediating role of self-esteem and self-sexualizing behaviors in the relationship between contingent self-esteem and compulsive buying is discussed.